Machine Learning Roundup 10/10/2016

Machine learning (ML) and deep learning (DL) content from Friday and the weekend. Here is a summary of last week’s top stories.

Note to readers: Big Analytics will rebrand as ML/DL soon, with a new format. The new name reflects the increased focus on machine learning and deep learning.

NVIDIA versus Intel

Wall Street has a fever, and the prescription is more NVIDIA. Reinhardt Krause profiles the company, noting its consistent, sustained leadership and strategy. A licensing agreement between NVIDIA and Intel may expire next year, provoking an all-out war in the high-performance computing market. Merrill Lynch is bullish.

Good Reads

And you thought it was hype An engineer uses DL to resurrect her dead friend. Casey Newton reports, in The Verge.

Brandon Ballinger describes three key challenges for ML/DL and AI in medicine, arguing that if we can use DL to identify cat videos, we can use it to heal. I don’t know why he has a problem with cat videos.

Ryan Kh explains how ML affects consumer behavior: supporting real-time decisions; matching customers and products; anticipating customer needs.

Jeffrey Schwartz summarizes the different approaches to ML/DL/AI of Microsoft and Google.

Issues

Algorithmic bias is in the news. Writing in TechCrunch, Devin Coldewey writes that Google researchers aim to prevent machine learning from discriminating. That may be difficult to do since ML is supposed to discriminate; for example, between good and bad credit risks. The issue, of course, isn’t discrimination per se, but bias that has a disparate impact on classes of people.

In The Guardian, whose circulation has markedly declined in the past fifteen years, Julia Powles whines that technology companies are just too darned big. Nobody forces anyone to use Big Tech; delete your accounts if you want to be free.

Jessica Davis worries that an AI boom will cause a jobs bust. It’s called the Luddite Fallacy, a phenomenon that has accompanied most innovations. Think of it as a rent-seeking argument deployed by folks who depend on industries at risk of disruption. Newspapers, for example, like The Guardian.

Algorithmic Art

Google engineers use DL to teach AI how to write songs, Tina Amirtha reports. Meanwhile, in Motherboard, Michael Byrne profiles a computer scientist who has published a manifesto for algorithmic music. Iannis Xenakis anticipated him by 60 years with Pithoprakta, for two trombones, 46 string instruments, xylophone, and woodblock.  Xenakis based the work on the statistical properties of gasses, modeling each instrument as a molecule obeying the Maxwell-Boltzmann distribution law, with Gaussian distribution of temperature fluctuation. If you’ve never heard of Iannis Xenakis, you have some idea about the potential for algorithmic music.

Artist tries to correlate weather and voting patterns using a deep convolutional generative adversarial network. He fails to establish the desired correlation but creates nice pictures.

Fundamentals

In LiveScience, Tia Ghose explains the “spooky secret” behind the power of AI. Spoiler: the secret is DL.

Writing in CIO, Mitch De Felice discovers that you can’t extract value from big data with Big Data. (Doh!) For insight, you need machine learning. He provides a pretty good summary of what neural networks can do.

Also in CIO, Greg Simpson lists five trends enabling the growth of AI:

  1. Cheap computing in the cloud
  2. Big data
  3. Sensors and distributed intelligence nodes
  4. Natural language processing
  5. Agile software development

Hey, someone should write a book about this.

Methods and Techniques

Allen Downey explains how to use Bayesian analysis to answer the “Rain in Seattle” question. Of course, he could just check Weather.com.

On Data Science Central Aravindakumar Venugopalan — yes, that Aravindakumar Venugopalan — offers a pretty good rubric for choosing ML platforms.

The editors of Techseen report on Mitsubishi’s automated DL algorithm.

Competitions

Early bird registration deadline for the IBM Watson AI Xprize is October 15. You don’t have to use IBM software.

Autonomous Vehicles

Tesla claims 222 million miles for its ML-driven Autopilot capability.

Health Tech

Dylan Furness describes how DL-driven chatbots could serve as a “doctor in your pocket.”

Researchers at Duke use DL to diagnose malaria.

MedicalResearch interviews Dr. Saul Blecker of New York University, who explains how ML analysis of free-text notes improves identification of patients with heart failure.

Other Applications

Marion Marking profiles recent developments in ML-driven language translation.

NASA engineers build DL-driven image recognition into asteroid-fighting drones.

Argyle Data’s Padraig Stapleton describes Ml-driven fraud detection for telcos.

Recruiting will be a snap with Watson, says IBM. Not so fast, says Peter Cappelli, Professor of Management at the University of Pennsylvania’s Wharton School and widely published HR thought leader.

Researchers at the University of St. Andrews in Scotland develop RadarCat, a sensor that can recognize objects and materials.

Software and Services

Katherine Noyes touts Watson.

Optimove launches a “CRM Optimization Bot,” aka a spambot.

Conferences

Microsoft hosts its first Machine Learning & Data Science Summit. Kareem Anderson reports. Andrew Brust recaps.

Srini Penchikala reports from Reactive Summit 2016. Some speakers made fun of Spark Streaming’s micro-batch architecture, which gave some Spark contributors the sadz.

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